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Kuwait Report 2015 6

2.

Kuwait

The State of Kuwait is a constitutional

emirate with a parliamentary system. The

country is divided into six governorates.

The governorates are further subdivided

into areas.

2.1.

Demographics

Kuwait's population (as of 2014) is 4.1

million people, of which 1.2 million were

Kuwaitis, 1.1 million Arab expatriates, 1.4

million Asian expatriates and 77.000

Africans.

2.2.

Geography

Kuwait is a country in the northern edge of

Eastern Arabia at the tip of the Persian

Gulf. The country shares borders with Iraq

and Saudi Arabia. Kuwait City is located on

Kuwait Bay, a natural deep-water harbor.

90% of Kuwait's population live within the

Kuwait Bay coast. The country is generally

low lying, with the highest point being

306 m above sea-level. It has nine islands,

all of which are uninhabited, with the

exception of Failaka Island. The Bubiyan is

the largest island in Kuwait and is

connected to the rest of the country by a

bridge. The land area has sparse

vegetation. Kuwait has 499-kilometer long

coastline.

2.3.

Climate

The spring season is warm with occasional

thunderstorms. The frequent winds from

the northwest are cold in winter and hot in

summer. In the period between July and

October southeast winds spring up. In the

spring and early summer prevail hot and

dry south winds. In June and July, a

northwest wind the shamal, causes

dramatic sandstorms. The average winter

temperatures are arround 15 °C. The

average summer temperatures are arround

38 °C.

2.4.

Economy

Kuwait has a petroleum-based economy.

Petroleum and fertilizers are the main

export products. Kuwait's Burgan field

having a total capacity of approximately 70

billion barrels (1.1×10

10

m

3

) of proven oil

reserves.

Kuwait